Cerebyx (fosphenytoin) is an injectable medication that helps control generalized tonic-clonic status epilepticus seizures and is used for the prevention and treatment of seizures occurring during brain surgery. Cerebyx can be used from birth without age limitation.
Diazepam is an anticonvulsant used in emergency situations to treat prolonged seizures. For prolonged seizures, doctors may prescribe either intravenous or rectal diazepam. In young children, doctors may prefer to use a rectal administration.
Keppra (levetiracetam) is an oral anticonvulsant that can be used to prevent seizures in people with Batten disease. It often is the first medication used to achieve seizure control in juvenile Batten disease patients. Keppra cannot stop a seizure that has already started.
Klonopin (clonazepam) is an anticonvulsant medication used to control seizures and panic attacks. Klonopin has not been tested in randomized clinical trials for the treatment of Batten disease, but a small study suggests that Batten patients may benefit from this medication.
Lamictal (lamotrigine) is an anticonvulsant for the treatment of partial-onset seizures, generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Lamictal can also be used to treat seizures in Batten disease, usually in combination with another anticonvulsant such as valproate.
Onfi (clobazam) is a type of anticonvulsant that may be used to treat seizures in Batten disease. It can be prescribed off-label in Batten disease, either as a preventative measure or as a rescue medication to stop a seizure, as part of an emergency seizure management plan.
Valproic acid, also known as sodium valproate, is an anticonvulsant that is used to treat seizures. In Batten disease patients, valproic acid is commonly used to control seizures either alone or in combination with other anticonvulsants.